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Mechanics lessons
Water on Earth
Changes of state in the nature: the water cycle
Water in human body
Test for water
Properties of water in different states
States of matter
States of matter and its changes
Boiling water
Water: freezing and melting
Changes of state: mass and volume
Molecules in different states of matter

Mixtures and solutions
Heterogeneous mixtures
Homogeneous mixtures
Vaporization of water
Dissolving a solid in water
Conservation of mass on dissolving
Miscibility in water

Mass and volume
Volume and its units
Measuring volume with a graduated cylinder
Mass and its units
Measuring the mass of a liquid
Mass of a liter of water
Volumetric mass density
Air and atmosphere
Earth's atmosphere protect us
Threats to the Earth's atmosphere
Composition of air
Air and life
Atoms and molecules
Molecules in mixtures and pure substances
Molecules and states of matter
Composition of molecules
Constituents of the atoms
The electrical neutrality of the atom

Basics of combustion
The combustion of carbon
The combustion of butane
Atoms and chemical reactions
Chemical reactions
Chemical equations
Law of conservation of mass
Chemical synthesis

Most common metals

How to distinguish metals ?

Corrosion of metals

Electrical conductivity of solid materials

Electrons and free electrons

Electric current in metals
The conductivity of aqueous solutions
Aqueous solutions and ions
The direction of movement of ions
Formation of ions
Tests for ions
Acidic and basic solutions
pH of aqueous solutions
Ions in acidic and basic solutions
Dilution of acids and bases
Composition of hydrochloric acid
Chemical reaction between iron and hydrochloric acid

Electrochemical cells and chemical energy
Chemical reaction beteween a copper sulphate solution and zinc
Copper sulfate and zinc battery
Basics of electrochemical cell


Electrochemical cells and chemical energy

Copper sulfate and zinc battery

1) Components of copper sulfate and zinc battery

Copper sulfate and zinc battery is an example of electrochemical cell.
It consists of a copper plate and a zinc plate which play the role of electrodes and which also correspond to two terminals.
These two electrodes are immersed in an ionic solution of copper sulphate: it is said that this solution is an electrolyte.



2) Voltage

By connecting a multimeter in voltmeter mode at the terminals of the battery, we can measure a voltage of about 1 V.
This voltage is only positive when com terminal on the multimeter is connected to the zinc and the V terminal is connected to copper.
According to the rules for connecting a multimeter, it can be deduced that:
- Zinc is the negative terminal.
- Copper is the positive terminal.

Diagram of the copper sulfate battery
Diagram of the copper sulfate battery