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Laws of electricity

Current laws in series circuits

1) The electric current in a series circuit

In a series circuit the current remains unchanged all along the circuit: all electric components receive the same current.

In the following circuit, the electric current leaves the positive terminal, flows through the bulb, flows through the resistor and then reches the negative terminal
current in a series circuit
All along its path the current remain the same thus we can write:

I1 = I2 = 3

2) Current and number of passive components in a circuit

In series circuit electric, current decreases if a passive component is added:
The more passive components a series circuit includes, the more current decrease.
Inversely, if a passive component is taken off from a series circuit then electric current increases.

3) Current and order of connection

Whatever is the order of connection in a series circuit, the current doesn't change.

Current in series circuits and order of connection

These three circuits all include an electric generator, a motor, a bulb, a resistor, an ammeter and five connection wires. The only difference between these circuits is the way components are connected. We can therefore deduce that the current is the same in all circuit:
I1 = I2 = I3

Science class




Electricity lessons
Electrical components
-Two-terminal electronic components
- Basic electrical components
- Diodes
- What's a resistor ?
- How to determine a resistor value ?
- Resistors effects in circuits
- How to use a resistor ?
- Characteristic curve of a resistor
How to build simple circuits and draw diagrams
- How to build a basic electrical circuit
- How to draw diagrams of electric circuits
The electric current
- Conductors and insulators
- Direction of electric current in a circuit
- The dangers of electricity
- Current intensity - units
how to measure current ?
The Voltage
- The voltage and its units
- How to measure a voltage ?
- Voltage in open and closed circuits
- Rated current and voltage for a lamp
Alternating voltage and current
- Alternating currents effects on led
- What are alternating current and voltage ?
- Periodic alternating voltage and its properties
- Oscilloscope
- Oscillogram
- Frequency
- Measuring RMS voltage with a voltmeter
Serie circuits
- What's a serie circuit ?
- Series circuit properties
- Short circuit in  series circuit
- Current law in series - circuits
- Voltage law in series circuits
Parallel circuits
- What's a parallel circuit ?
- Some parallel circuits properties
- Short circuits in parallel circuits
- Nodes and branches in parallel circuits
- Current laws in parallel circuits
- Voltage laws in parallel circuits
Laws of electricity
- Ohm's law
- Current laws in series circuits
- Voltage laws in series circuits
- Current laws in parallel circuits
- Voltage laws in parallel circuits
Generating electricity
- Voltage for coil wires
What is an alternator ?
- Alternating currents and voltages
- Generating electricity in power plants

Electric power and energy
- Electric power and power rating
- Electric power received by an electrical device
- Electric power consumption by an electrical device
- Relationship between - Electric power and energy


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